A resume is the representation of your professional self. It is a concise compilation of your educational and professional experience, as well as the skills that make you desirable for the workforce. It is what you use to sell your merit and skills to potential employers.
Your resume is arguable the single most important part of the application process. A well-organized, relevant resume will set you up to get an interview, while a poor resume will get completely lost in the sea of applicants. This is a fairly modern concern, as job postings now get thousands of online applications a day.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A RESUME AND A CV?
Some companies will indicate that they want you to submit a CV rather than a resume. A CV and a resume are not the same. CV stands for “curriculum vitae” and is meant to be an expansion of your resume. It is much longer than a resume, often three pages or more, and focuses mainly on your academic and professional accomplishments, with a particular focus on education.
In the United States, a CV is almost exclusively limited to professions in academia, science and medicine. In the case of academia, the main focus of the CV should be to identify yourself as a scholar. The added length, should be filled with proof of your skills as a teacher, scholar, and your knowledge of education. A CV should be thought of as a living document, and it will change frequently based on the updates in your education and career.
Generally, a resume is much shorter in length compared to a CV, usually limited to one page. It is meant to be a very brief synopsis of your career and education history. Resumes should focus on measurable accomplishments rather than soft skills or listed responsibilities. Like a CV, resumes need to be updated, but those updates should be made form specific job to which you are applying.
WHAT TO INCLUDE IN YOUR RESUME
The number one tip in our Resume Writing Guide is to keep your resume as clear and to-the-point as possible. While there is no official length limit to your resume, it is meant to showcase only your relevant work experience as fast as possible. The average time spent looking at a resume is 6 seconds, so a concise resume in a one page format is highly preferred. The key word in resume writing is relevant. For example, if an early part of your employment history does not pertain to the job for which you’re applying, and you’re running out of space, don’t include that information. For more information about formatting your resume, see our Resume Formats page. Your resume also needs these key features:
This might seem obvious, but it is very important. Make sure your resume is updated with your most recent contact information. Recruiters and hiring managers often get thousands of resumes for one job position, so providing them with your email address, personal phone number, and home address will make contacting you for an interview much easier. When including your email address, be sure not to use addresses that are too casual. For example, [email protected] is much more appropriate than [email protected]
Also be sure to include your city, state or zip code in your contact info, since employers will sometimes search Applicant Tracking Systems with these criteria. It’s also important for ATS to have this information at the top of your page, otherwise, it may not be parsed into your candidate profile, making it harder for HR to find or remember your resume.
This section should include all relevant paid work experience, including internships. Volunteer or charity work should not be included in this section, or often at all (see below). Make the title of this section a reflection of your paid experience: “Work Experience”, “Employment History”, and “Work History” are all appropriate titles. This should be listed above “Education” unless you are a recent college graduate since that information is most pertinent to employers.
Include measurable accomplishments such as “increased revenue by 25%” as well as responsibilities. It is easy to get carried away describing your work experience or responsibilities, but keeping it short is crucial. Once you get an interview, you’ll be expected to go into deeper detail.
For each internship or job, include the name of the organization where you were employed, the city and state, the title of the positions held, the employment period for each job (include both months and years), and a short description of your accomplishments and technical skills used, listed in 3-4 max bullet points.
You should also include information about promotions in this section. When listing your responsibilities, start with the most valuable experience first, since the employer will likely be skimming your resume top-down.
When providing your education on your resume, list degrees in reverse order. For example, if you have a master’s degree, it should be listed before your bachelor’s degree. Again, if a hiring manager or recruiter is skimming your resume, you want them to see your highest degree first. It is very important to include dates in this section. Furthermore, if you have a bachelor’s degree, it is not necessary to include your high school education on your resume. It is assumed that you graduated from high school if you’ve obtained a higher degree. So leave out this information.
Only include your GPA if it is higher than 3.5 on a 4 point scale (no need to mention that 2.0 when you moved into the frat house sophomore year) and only if you are a recent graduate. There are a few exceptions to this rule, like if you’re applying for a job in academia or engineering where a GPA is expected.
You can also list honors or awards if you’re a recent graduate. If you attended college but did not finish your degree, list the number of credits obtained. For recent graduates, education and internship are your main selling point. But if you’ve already been in the workforce, tone down your education section, the best rule of thumb is that one line will suffice.
Skills on your resume are important when your resume is submitted through an applicant tracking system, or ATS. ATS is software used by 98 percent of Fortune 500 companies to sort and search applicants. ATS sort and rank applicants using keywords specific to the job description. Use skills in your resume as a hub for keywords specific to the job for which you’re applying. Your resume should be tailored to each job you apply to so the skills should be integrated organically in your work experience if possible.
Jobscan helps you determine which keywords will help your resume make it through ATS by comparing the job posting with your resume. You can try your resume below.
If necessary, you may want to include a skills section. These portions of your resume are especially well-suited to technical positions. Hard skills are provable, experience-based skills, which are the only type you should include in this section. Examples include computer programing, WordPress, Spanish fluency, heavy machinery operation and HTML. Also include a description of the skill, or your expertise level is possible.
AWARDS AND ACCOLADES/AFFILIATIONS
Only include this section if it makes sense for the job for which you’re applying. If you’ve received relevant awards or have affiliations that the recruiter or hiring manager would like to know about, feel free to list them. Steer clear of listing affiliations that are not relevant and potentially polarizing, such as political or religious affiliations.
This is another resume section that is a judgment call. If you’re applying for a leadership or management, or for a job with a non-profit company, your community service experience is worth listing. Always think of relevance before adding anything to your resume. For example, if you are applying for a job in marketing and have volunteer experience in social media, that’s great information to add. If you are applying for that same job in marketing and volunteered in a food kitchen, there’s no need to include it in your resume. You can always talk about your passions and volunteer experience when you’re in an interview
WHAT TO LEAVE OFF YOUR RESUME
The objective statement is somewhat antiquated since online applications have evolved. Unless you’re sure that your resume is going directly into the hands of the hiring manager or recruiter, an objective statement is not necessary. If you like the idea of an objective statement, consider adding a professional summary statement instead. While an objective statement explains what you hope to accomplish, a summary statement explains who you are and what you have already accomplished. It also positions you to be desirable to the company, rather than seeming like you’re only looking out for what YOU want.
It is assumed that you have references if you have previous employment history. It is not at all necessary to include “references available upon request”, adding this is actually a potential deterrent. Potential employers will ask you for your references later on in the interview process if they see fit. Of course, if references are asked for within the application process, provide them – just not on your resume
Soft skills are any skills that are not provable or quantifiable. If Sarah Smith says she is “hardworking”, “problem-solving”, has a “strong work ethic”, and “positive attitude”, the recruiter has no way of knowing whether or not that is true. Use hard skills and prove your soft skills by listing your previous accomplishments and promotions on your resume.
As mentioned above, your GPA is only necessary if you are a recent college graduate and do not have work experience to back you up. There are a few jobs that require a GPA, however, including engineering and finance.
How to Make a Resume?
The first step in creating your resume is to choose one of the resume templates available above, ranging from simple resume template to creative resume template, depending on the industry or company you are applying for.
Not sure with which one to start? Simply select a resume layout that catches your attention, because after that you can switch between all of them once in the editor by pressing on the “Templates” button in the top menu.
Modern resume templates
A modern job calls for a modern resume. Show employers that you’re up to date and make a great first impression by selecting the right template. Are you applying for a technical/modern job? Check out our selection of modern templates and start creating an effective resume right away.
Professional resume templates
When applying for a serious position or at a serious company, you’ll leave the best impression with a classic, professional resume. These resumes are definitely not ‘exaggerated’, but elegantly highlight your skills and experience with a touch of design and layout flair. If you’re applying for a management position or an administrative position, for instance, on of our professional resume templates is the best choice.
Creative resume templates
If you’re looking for a job in a creative sector or field, it’s best not to have a standard resume. Building a good, creative resume lets you give a good idea of who you are: your resume is a great opportunity to show your creativity. Use our creative resume templates and stand out!
Simple resume templates
A basic or simple resume template is often best and it’s the most common pick. A modest layout can be a major strength of a good resume and will definitely not be inappropriate. Especially when applying for traditional professions such as teacher, doctor, or nurse, this type of resume is highly appreciated.
How to make a cover letter for a resume?
When applying for a new job you will need to create a resume cover letter. After creating your resume, you can simply choose a cover letter sample with the same design, fonts, and color theme to create a professional job application.
Make sure to tailor each cover letter and resume for each specific job application.
How long should a resume be?
From our research it was found that most of the recruiters recommend using maximum one page for your resume, especially when you are a student or having less than 5 years of relevant work experience.
If you have more than 5 years work experience and many other relevant activities that are relevant to the job you are applying for, the appropriate length would be 2-3 pages.
What is the difference between a creative resume template and a simple resume template?
The creative resume template is specially designed so it will get the attention of the recruiters and make you stand-out among other candidates. However, we recommend using this template for more creative jobs/industries or when applying for start-up positions for example.
The simple resume template has a classic design and structure specially design for applying in industries where a toned down approach to the job application is still required, for example, the law or banking industry.
What If I Am a Student?
The above layouts can be used to create a perfect student resume or college resume when you are looking for a part-time job, internship or are about to graduate.
Consider that as a student or someone with less than 5 years of relevant work experience you need to keep your resume on 1 page.
Downlaod resume template
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Resume and Curriculum Vitae (CV)
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